The following article is presented to you by Dibyendu Pusti
For all the general public.
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) had arranged 5 days international conference at Hawaii convention center, Honolulu, USA from April 29, 2018. It was an overwhelming knowledge sharing colloquium with around 11,000 basic and clinical researchers from all over the world. The focus of the grand meeting was divided into many ongoing, leading and new aspects of vision researches covering: ocular pathologies & newer treatment options, ophthalmic imaging & diagnostic tools, newer clinical aspects & instrumentation along with adaptive optics & basic researches in vision science.
Prominent researchers in myopia study and MYFUN fellows had well covered myopia research domain targeting prevalence, heritability, possible cause, myopia progression and probable management options. According to investigators, the myopia management options are mainly divided into three aspects: therapeutic management (using medicines), optical management and environmental modification. The therapeutic management claims to slow down the myopia progression by using specific eye drops under routine medical supervision. Optical management is predominantly focused in using specially designed myopia control contact lenses to slow down the myopia progression.
At the same time, some scientists are now putting more stress on environmental modification as studies show a combined effect of genetic and environmental factors on myopia development. Hence, altering daily physical activities or increasing outdoor activity may be a way to fight against myopia mainly during childhood. However, scientists could not achieve a definite myopia management option yet. It is now believed that delaying the onset of myopia may be one of the best strategies by increased outdoor activities in children. This will eventually reduce the risk of permanent vison loss due to ocular diseases related to high myopia.
Despite the more clinical nature of this conference, certain new ideas emerged in the field of myopia research. Such as reading white text on black background may cause less myopia than conventional black text on white. According to another study, optical treatment may not be equally effective throughout the whole day, although they require more evidence. Therefore, it is also important to know, when to apply optical treatments for myopia control. It is always interesting to see where new research ideas leading us to better myopia management.
The next summit we are looking forward for further research update and discussion at the 9th Visual and Physiological Optics meeting (VPO 2018) in Athens, Greece from August 29 to August 31, 2018.
The pictures above retain the original copyright from the ARVO
More pictures can be found here : ARVO Official Pictures
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